Letter transpositions within and across morphemes

Kiel Christianson, Rebecca L. Johnson, Keith Rayner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Three masked-prime naming experiments were conducted to examine the impact of morpheme boundaries on letter transposition confusability effects. In Experiment 1, the priming effects of primes containing letter transpositions within (sunhsine) and transpositions across (susnhine) the constituents of compound words were compared with correctly spelled primes and primes containing letter substitutions in naming correctly spelled targets. Primes containing transpositions within morphemes facilitated naming as much as correctly spelled primes. Primes with transpositions across morphemes did not facilitate naming more than primes with letter substitutions. Experiment 2 replicated Experiment 1 and extended the effects to so-called pseudocompounds (mayhem). Experiment 3 extended the results to agentive derivational morphology (boaster). The results are discussed in the context of visual word recognition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1327-1339
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2005


  • Letter transpositions
  • Lexical access
  • Reading
  • Visual word recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Letter transpositions within and across morphemes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this