Length-matching routing for high-speed printed circuit boards

Muhammet Mustafa Ozdal, Martin D.F. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


As the clock frequencies used in industrial applications increase, the timing requirements imposed on routing problems become tighter. So, it becomes important to route the nets within tight minimum and maximum length bounds. Although the problem of routing nets to satisfy maximum length constraints is a well-studied problem, there exists no sophisticated algorithm in the literature that ensures that minimum length constraints are also satisfied. In this paper, we propose a novel algorithm that effectively incorporates the min-max length constraints into the routing problem. Our approach is to use a Lagrangian relaxation framework to allocate extra routing resources around nets simultaneously during routing them. We also propose a graph model that ensures that all the allocated routing resources can be used effectively for extending lengths. Our routing algorithm automatically prioritizes resource allocation for shorter nets, and length minimization for longer nets so that all nets can satisfy their min-max length constraints. Our experiments demonstrate that this algorithm is effective even in the cases where length constraints are tight, and the layout is dense.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)394-400
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, Digest of Technical Papers
StatePublished - 2003
EventIEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer Aided Design ICCAD 2003: IEEE/ACM Digest of Technical Papers - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Nov 9 2003Nov 13 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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