Leaders and Leadership in Middle Level Schools

Vicki N. Petzko, Donald C. Clark, Jerry W. Valentine, Donald G. Hackmann, John R. Norn, Stephen E. Lucas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An online survey of more than 1,400 middle level leaders (grades 5-9) was conducted as part of a national study. This article reports the findings; compares the results with previous studies conducted in 1965, 1980, and 1992; and discusses the implications and recommendations for recruiting initial training, and continuing professional development offuture middle level principals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-15
Number of pages13
JournalNASSP Bulletin
Issue number631
StatePublished - Jun 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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