Lateral-flow enzyme immunoconcentration for rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes

Il Hoon Cho, Joseph Irudayaraj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Lateral-flow enzyme immunochromatography coupled with an immunomagnetic step was developed for rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes in food matrices. The target bacteria was first separated and concentrated by magnetic nanoparticles containing the enzyme and directly applied to the assay system to induce an antigen-antibody reaction without any additional steps. The color signals produced by an enzyme-substrate reaction at a specific site on the immunostrip were found to be directly proportional to the concentration of L. monocytogenes in the sample. The detection concept was demonstrated by performing an enzyme immunoassay on a microtiter well prior to applying it to the lateral-flow assay. Results of the chromatographic analysis yield a limit of detection of 95 and 97 ± 19.5 CFU/mL in buffer solution and 2 % milk sample, respectively. In addition to the high sensitivity, it was also possible to shorten the separation and detection time to within 2 h. The system also showed no cross-reactivity with other bacteria (e.g., Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium, and Salmonella enteritidis). The analytical procedure developed will enable us to not only utilize the assay in the field where fast screening for pathogenic agents is required but also as a preventive measure to contain disease outbreak.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3313-3319
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical and bioanalytical chemistry
Issue number10
StatePublished - Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Enzyme immunoassay
  • Immunochromatography
  • Immunomagnetic concentration
  • Lateral flow
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Signal enhancement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry


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