Late Pleistocene mammalian assemblages of Southeast Asia

New dating, mortality profiles and evolution of the predator-prey relationships in an environmental context

Anne Marie Bacon, Kira Westaway, Pierre Olivier Antoine, Philippe Duringer, Amandine Blin, Fabrice Demeter, Jean Luc Ponche, Jian Xin Zhao, Lani Minnie Barnes, Thongsa Sayavonkhamdy, Nguyen Thi Kim Thuy, Vu The Long, Elise Patole-Edoumba, Laura Shackelford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Karstic sites have great potential for yielding data regarding changes in faunal communities in the Pleistocene of Southeast Asia. In this region, the majority of fossil-bearing deposits are karstic breccias, which generally demonstrate a complicated sedimentary history. While most of the mammalian assemblages recovered in these deposits are only composed of isolated teeth, their study remains essential for reconstructing paleoecology and paleoclimatology of the region. We analyzed the assemblages recovered in three mainland and two insular karstic sites: Tam Hang South and Nam Lot in northern Laos, Duoi U'Oi in northern Vietnam, Punung in central Java and Sibrambang in western Sumatra and obtained new chronologies for three of these sites so that their significance could be discussed within their correct chronological context. The resulting age ranges place the sites in MIS5 and MIS4. The comparative analysis of the faunas, in terms of taphonomy, taxonomic diversity and abundance, and mortality profiles (. Cervus unicolor, Sus scrofa, Sus vittatus, rhinocerotids and Tapirus indicus), reveals marked differences in prey-predators (carnivores and/or humans) relationships in relation to habitat. The study of hominines-bearing sites (Punung, Nam Lot, Duoi U'Oi) allows us to emphasize different interactions with large carnivores (felids, hyaenids, canids).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-127
Number of pages27
JournalPalaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Volume422
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 5 2015

Fingerprint

predator-prey relationships
carnivore
South East Asia
carnivores
Indonesia
paleoclimatology
Tapirus
Pleistocene
predator
Sus
felid
canid
mortality
paleoecology
taphonomy
Laos
Canidae
Felidae
Sus scrofa
Vietnam

Keywords

  • Geochronology
  • Hominines
  • Mortality profiles
  • Paleoecology
  • Southeast Asian Faunas
  • Taphonomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Late Pleistocene mammalian assemblages of Southeast Asia : New dating, mortality profiles and evolution of the predator-prey relationships in an environmental context. / Bacon, Anne Marie; Westaway, Kira; Antoine, Pierre Olivier; Duringer, Philippe; Blin, Amandine; Demeter, Fabrice; Ponche, Jean Luc; Zhao, Jian Xin; Barnes, Lani Minnie; Sayavonkhamdy, Thongsa; Thuy, Nguyen Thi Kim; Long, Vu The; Patole-Edoumba, Elise; Shackelford, Laura.

In: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol. 422, 05.03.2015, p. 101-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bacon, AM, Westaway, K, Antoine, PO, Duringer, P, Blin, A, Demeter, F, Ponche, JL, Zhao, JX, Barnes, LM, Sayavonkhamdy, T, Thuy, NTK, Long, VT, Patole-Edoumba, E & Shackelford, L 2015, 'Late Pleistocene mammalian assemblages of Southeast Asia: New dating, mortality profiles and evolution of the predator-prey relationships in an environmental context', Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, vol. 422, pp. 101-127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.01.011
Bacon, Anne Marie ; Westaway, Kira ; Antoine, Pierre Olivier ; Duringer, Philippe ; Blin, Amandine ; Demeter, Fabrice ; Ponche, Jean Luc ; Zhao, Jian Xin ; Barnes, Lani Minnie ; Sayavonkhamdy, Thongsa ; Thuy, Nguyen Thi Kim ; Long, Vu The ; Patole-Edoumba, Elise ; Shackelford, Laura. / Late Pleistocene mammalian assemblages of Southeast Asia : New dating, mortality profiles and evolution of the predator-prey relationships in an environmental context. In: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 2015 ; Vol. 422. pp. 101-127.
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