Late-life consequences of short-term exposure to di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and diisononyl phthalate during adulthood in female mice

Catheryne Chiang, Lily R. Lewis, Grace Borkowski, Jodi A. Flaws

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a known endocrine disruptor and diisononyl phthalate (DiNP) is a common DEHP replacement chemical. However, little is known about late-life consequences due to DEHP or DiNP exposure during adulthood. Thus, this study tested the hypothesis that adult exposure to DEHP or DiNP affects female reproductive parameters during late-life in female mice. Female CD-1 mice (age 39–40 days) were dosed with either vehicle control, DEHP (20 μg/kg/day–200 mg/kg/day), or DiNP (20 μg/kg/day–200 mg/kg/day) for 10 days and breeding trials were conducted at 12 and 15 months post-dosing. Further, ovaries and sera were collected at 12, 15, and 18 months post-dosing. DEHP and DiNP disrupted estrous cyclicity, increased pregnancy loss, decreased fertility, altered the sex ratio of pups, altered ovarian follicle populations, and disrupted hormone levels. Collectively, these data show that short-term exposure to DEHP or DiNP during adulthood has long-term consequences in late-life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-42
Number of pages15
JournalReproductive Toxicology
Volume93
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Cyclicity
  • DEHP
  • DiNP
  • Fertility
  • Hormones
  • Ovary
  • Reproductive aging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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