Laser oscillation in aggregates of ultrasmall SI nanoparticles

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


We dispersed electrochemically etched Si into ultrabright ultrasmall nanoparticles, with brightness higher than fluorescein or rhodamine. The emission from single particles is readily detectable. Aggregates or films of the particles exhibit emission with highly nonlinear characteristics. We observe directed blue beams at -410 nm between faces of aggregates excited by femtosecond radiation at 780 nm; and at -610 nm from aggregates of red luminescent Si nanoparticles excited by radiation at 550-570 nm from a mercury lamp. Intense directed Gaussian beams, a pumping threshold, spectral line narrowing, and speckle patterns manifest the emission. The results are analyzed in terms of population inversion and stimulated emission in quantum confinement-induced Si-Si dimer phase, found only on ultrasmall Si nanoparticles. This microlasing constitutes an important step towards the realization of a laser on a chip.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
StatePublished - 2002
EventFunctional Nanostructured Materials through Multiscale Assembly and Novel Pattering Techniques - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Apr 2 2002Apr 5 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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