The elderly in Brazil: Demographic transition, profile, and socioeconomic condition

Guilherme Fonseca Travassos, Alexandre Bragança Coelho, Mary Paula Arends-Kuenning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents a revision about the elderly population in Brazil, addressing aspects of the demographic transition as it relates to socio-economic conditions and some consequences and trends associated with policies affecting Brazil’s elderly. Since a demographic transition has been occurring as a result of the aging of the Brazilian population, we identify a majority profile of Brazilian elderly as White women who live in urban areas in couple-without-children households, and possessing on average an education of 6.1 years and a smaller than minimum wage. We show that the vast majority of the elderly in Brazil receive some form of government income transfer that have a positive effect on poverty reduction in the segment. Finally, we show that there will be some future natural consequences and trends affecting the profile of the aging population, and that adjustments will need to be made by the government in terms of health and social security spending in order to mitigate the increased demands in these areas as the country’s demographic change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0129
Pages (from-to)1-27
Number of pages27
JournalRevista Brasileira de Estudos de Populacao
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Demographic transition
  • Elderly
  • Poverty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography


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