Large Eddy Simulations of Electromagnetic Braking Effects on Argon Bubble Transport and Capture in a Steel Continuous Casting Mold

Kai Jin, Surya Pratap Vanka, Brian G. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In continuous casting of steel, argon gas is often injected to prevent clogging of the nozzle, but the bubbles affect the flow pattern, and may become entrapped to form defects in the final product. Further, an electromagnetic field is frequently applied to induce a braking effect on the flow field and modify the inclusion transport. In this study, a previously validated GPU-based in-house code CUFLOW is used to investigate the effect of electromagnetic braking on turbulent flow, bubble transport, and capture. Well-resolved large eddy simulations are combined with two-way coupled Lagrangian computations of the bubbles. The drag coefficient on the bubbles is modified to account for the effects of the magnetic field. The distribution of the argon bubbles, capture, and escape rates, are presented and compared with and without the magnetic field. The bubble capture patterns are also compared with results of a previous RANS model as well as with plant measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1360-1377
Number of pages18
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Fingerprint

braking
Argon
Steel
Large eddy simulation
Continuous casting
large eddy simulation
Braking
bubbles
argon
steels
Magnetic fields
electromagnetism
Drag coefficient
Flow patterns
Electromagnetic fields
Turbulent flow
Nozzles
Flow fields
Gases
Defects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

@article{c5d63acaca3447c88858598a2ad3035a,
title = "Large Eddy Simulations of Electromagnetic Braking Effects on Argon Bubble Transport and Capture in a Steel Continuous Casting Mold",
abstract = "In continuous casting of steel, argon gas is often injected to prevent clogging of the nozzle, but the bubbles affect the flow pattern, and may become entrapped to form defects in the final product. Further, an electromagnetic field is frequently applied to induce a braking effect on the flow field and modify the inclusion transport. In this study, a previously validated GPU-based in-house code CUFLOW is used to investigate the effect of electromagnetic braking on turbulent flow, bubble transport, and capture. Well-resolved large eddy simulations are combined with two-way coupled Lagrangian computations of the bubbles. The drag coefficient on the bubbles is modified to account for the effects of the magnetic field. The distribution of the argon bubbles, capture, and escape rates, are presented and compared with and without the magnetic field. The bubble capture patterns are also compared with results of a previous RANS model as well as with plant measurements.",
author = "Kai Jin and Vanka, {Surya Pratap} and Thomas, {Brian G.}",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11663-018-1191-1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "1360--1377",
journal = "Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science",
issn = "1073-5615",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing AG",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Large Eddy Simulations of Electromagnetic Braking Effects on Argon Bubble Transport and Capture in a Steel Continuous Casting Mold

AU - Jin, Kai

AU - Vanka, Surya Pratap

AU - Thomas, Brian G.

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - In continuous casting of steel, argon gas is often injected to prevent clogging of the nozzle, but the bubbles affect the flow pattern, and may become entrapped to form defects in the final product. Further, an electromagnetic field is frequently applied to induce a braking effect on the flow field and modify the inclusion transport. In this study, a previously validated GPU-based in-house code CUFLOW is used to investigate the effect of electromagnetic braking on turbulent flow, bubble transport, and capture. Well-resolved large eddy simulations are combined with two-way coupled Lagrangian computations of the bubbles. The drag coefficient on the bubbles is modified to account for the effects of the magnetic field. The distribution of the argon bubbles, capture, and escape rates, are presented and compared with and without the magnetic field. The bubble capture patterns are also compared with results of a previous RANS model as well as with plant measurements.

AB - In continuous casting of steel, argon gas is often injected to prevent clogging of the nozzle, but the bubbles affect the flow pattern, and may become entrapped to form defects in the final product. Further, an electromagnetic field is frequently applied to induce a braking effect on the flow field and modify the inclusion transport. In this study, a previously validated GPU-based in-house code CUFLOW is used to investigate the effect of electromagnetic braking on turbulent flow, bubble transport, and capture. Well-resolved large eddy simulations are combined with two-way coupled Lagrangian computations of the bubbles. The drag coefficient on the bubbles is modified to account for the effects of the magnetic field. The distribution of the argon bubbles, capture, and escape rates, are presented and compared with and without the magnetic field. The bubble capture patterns are also compared with results of a previous RANS model as well as with plant measurements.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042213642&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042213642&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11663-018-1191-1

DO - 10.1007/s11663-018-1191-1

M3 - Article

VL - 49

SP - 1360

EP - 1377

JO - Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science

JF - Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science

SN - 1073-5615

IS - 3

ER -