Large amplitude oscillatory shear of pseudoplastic and elastoviscoplastic materials

Randy H. Ewoldt, Peter Winter, Jason Maxey, Gareth H. McKinley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We explore the utility of strain-controlled large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS) deformation for identifying and characterizing apparent yield stress responses in elastoviscoplastic materials. Our approach emphasizes the visual representation of the LAOS stress response within the framework of Lissajous curves with strain, strain rate, and stress as the coordinate axes, in conjunction with quantitative analysis of the corresponding limit cycle behavior. This approach enables us to explore how the material properties characterizing the yielding response depend on both strain amplitude and frequency of deformation. Canonical constitutive models (including the purely viscous Carreau model and the elastic Bingham model) are used to illustrate the characteristic features of pseudoplastic and elastoplastic material responses under large amplitude oscillatory shear. A new parameter, the perfect plastic dissipation ratio, is introduced for uniquely identifying plastic behavior. Experimental results are presented for two complex fluids, a pseudoplastic shear-thinning xanthan gum solution and an elastoviscoplastic invert-emulsion drilling fluid. The LAOS test protocols and the associated material measures provide a rheological fingerprint of the yielding behavior of a complex fluid that can be compactly represented within the domain of a Pipkin diagram defined by the amplitude and timescale of deformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-212
Number of pages22
JournalRheologica Acta
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • LAOS
  • Lissajous-Bowditch curve
  • Nonlinear viscoelasticity
  • Viscoplastic
  • Yield stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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