Land identification and spatial distribution of biomass energy potential along Illinois state highways

Sijie Shi, Wei Ting Liao, Luis Rodríguez, Tao Lin, Hans Blaschek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Growing biomass along highways has drawn people's attention in recent years. After conversion either through combustion to generate heat and electricity, gasification or fermentation to produce gas or liquid fuel, energy products from biomass could be sold to the market, and the revenue may contribute to highway maintenance, or directly fulfill the energy demands of highway maintenance. Pilot studies have been conducted in various states while most of these studies were limited to few selected lands. Although every state provided an estimation of the total biomass potential for its entire state, the spatial distribution of the feedstock remains unclear, which makes it difficult to analyze the real cost or to optimize the feedstock supply chain. The objective of this study is to identify the available lands along Illinois highways and analyze their spatial distribution and relationships with other facilities in the supply chain. To achieve these goals, geospatial information system and remote sensing methods are used to select eligible lands based on the highway database from the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) and aerial images from the USDA. Then, network analysis is performed to address the spatial connections within the land data and with other facilities such as IDOT depots. A generic workflow is developed with the methods employed in this study and can be applied to different states. The results of this study will provide input for system optimization at both county and state levels and therefore offer decision support tools suited to various stakeholders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015
PublisherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Pages1761-1770
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781510810501
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015 - New Orleans, United States
Duration: Jul 26 2015Jul 29 2015

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015
Volume3

Other

OtherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015
CountryUnited States
CityNew Orleans
Period7/26/157/29/15

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • GIS
  • Highway right-of-way
  • Land identification
  • NDVI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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  • Cite this

    Shi, S., Liao, W. T., Rodríguez, L., Lin, T., & Blaschek, H. (2015). Land identification and spatial distribution of biomass energy potential along Illinois state highways. In American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015 (pp. 1761-1770). (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2015; Vol. 3). American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.