Labial coordination in children: Preliminary considerations

Kenneth Lloyd Watkin, Davida Fromm

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review


The development of the coordination of the upper lip and lower lip was investigated in children ages four, seven, and ten. Strain gauge transduction techniques were employed to monitor lip movement during the production of selected disyllables. Significant changes in lip coordination were observed between the ages of seven and ten. Results are discussed in light of current understanding of neuromuscular maturation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)629-632
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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