We report a label-free fluorescent aptamer sensor for adenosine based on the regulation of malachite green (MG) fluorescence, with comparable sensitivity and selectivity to other labeled adenosine aptamer-based sensors. The sensor consists of free MG, an aptamer strand containing an adenosine aptamer next to an MG aptamer, and a bridging strand that partially hybridizes to the aptamer strand. Such a hybridization prevents MG from binding to MG aptamer, resulting in low fluorescence of MG in the absence of adenosine. Addition of adenosine causes the adenosine aptamer to bind adenosine, weakening the hybridization of the aptamer strand with the bridging strand, making it possible for MG to bind to the aptamer strand and exhibit high fluorescence intensity. Since this design is based purely on nucleic acid hybridization, it can be generally applied to other aptamers for the label-free detection of a broad range of analytes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry