Provided are methods and devices for the label free detection of analytes in solution, including analytes suspended in a biological fluid. A field effect transistor (FET) is positioned in close proximity to a paired set of reference electrodes and the reference electrodes electrically biased to provide desalting and a stable gate voltage to the FET. In this manner, charged ions are depleted in the sensing region of the sensor and device sensitivity to analyte detection improved by the removal of charge that otherwise interferes with measurement. Also provided are methods and systems providing increased in reference electrode surface area and/or decrease in droplet volume to further improve label-free detection of analytes.
Original languageEnglish (US)
U.S. patent number10527579
StatePublished - Jan 7 2020


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