L-arginine inhibits apoptosis of ovine intestinal epithelial cells through the L-Arginine-nitric oxide pathway

Hao Zhang, Fangfang Zhao, Along Peng, Shuang Guo, Mengzhi Wang, Mabrouk Elsabagh, Juan J. Loor, Hongrong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In nonruminants, many of the biological roles of L-arginine (Arg) at the intestinal level are mediated through the Arg-nitric oxide (Arg-NO) pathway. Whether the Arg-NO pathway is involved in controlling the immune response and viability in ovine intestinal epithelial cells (IOECs) is unclear. Objectives: The current study aimed to examine the role of the Arg-NO pathway in apoptosis, antioxidant capacity, and mitochondrial function of IOECs. Methods: The IOECs were incubated in Arg-free DMEM supplemented with 150 μM Arg (CON) or 300 μM Arg (ARG) alone or with 350 μM Nw-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME) (CON + NAME, ARG + NAME) for 24 h. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) concentration, antioxidant capacity, and cell apoptotic percentage were determined. Results: Arg supplementation decreased (P < 0.05) the ROS concentration (38.9% and 22.7%) and apoptotic cell percentage (57.2% and 54.8%) relative to the CON and CON + NAME groups, respectively. Relative to the CON and ARG treatments, the L-NAME administration decreased (P < 0.05) the mRNA abundance of superoxide dismutase 2 (32% and 21.3%, respectively) and epithelial NO synthase (36% and 29.1%, respectively). Arg supplementation decreased (P < 0.05) the protein abundance of apoptosis antigen 1 (FAS) (52.0% and 43.9%) but increased (P < 0.05) those of nuclear respiratory factor 1 (31.3% and 22.9%) and inducible NO synthase (35.2% and 41.8%) relative to the CON and CON + NAME groups, respectively. Conclusions: The inhibition of apoptosis in IOECs due to the increased supply of Arg is associated with the mitochondria- and FAS-dependent pathways through the activity of the Arg-NO pathway. The findings help elucidate the role of the Arg-NO pathway in IOEC growth and apoptosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2051-2060
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume150
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Apoptosis
  • Arg-NO pathway
  • L-arginine
  • Mitochondrial function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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