Konrad Lorenz

R. W. Burkhardt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary


Konrad Lorenz (1903-1989) was the principal founder of the science of ethology, the biological study of behavior. His insistence on bringing comparative, evolutionary perspectives to bear on matters of animal psychology transformed behavioral studies. His most creative period came early, in the 1930s and early 1940s, when he provided ethology with its initial conceptual foundations, but he was a charismatic champion of the field for nearly six decades. His career was highlighted by his receipt of the 1973 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, which he shared with Karl von Frisch and Nikolaas Tinbergen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Animal Behavior
EditorsMichael D Breed, Janice Moore
PublisherAcademic Press
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9780080453378
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009


  • Action-specific energy
  • Aggression
  • C. O. Whitman
  • E. von Holst
  • Ethology
  • Graylag goose
  • Imprinting
  • Innate releasing mechanism
  • Instinct
  • J. von Vexküll
  • Jackdaw
  • K. Lorenz
  • N. Tinbergen
  • O. Heinroth
  • Releasers
  • Threshold lowering
  • Vacuum behavior
  • W. Craig

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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