Kirigami-inspired strain-insensitive sensors based on atomically-thin materials

Keong Yong, Subhadeep De, Ezekiel Y. Hsieh, Juyoung Leem, Narayana R. Aluru, Sung Woo Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work reports kirigami-inspired architectures of graphene for strain-insensitive, surface-conformal stretchable multifunctional electrodes and sensors. The kirigami-inspired graphene electrode exhibits strain-insensitive electrical properties up to 240% applied tensile strain and mixed strain states, including a combination of stretching, twisting, and/or shearing. Moreover, a multitude of kirigami designs of graphene are explored computationally to predict deformation morphologies under different strain conditions and to achieve controllable stretchability. Notably, strain-insensitive graphene field-effect transistor and photodetection under 130% stretching and 360° torsion are achieved by strategically redistributing stress concentrations away from the active sensing elements via strain-responsive out-of-plane buckling at the vicinity of the kirigami notches. The combination of ultra-thin form factor, conformity on skin, and breathable notches suggests the applicability of kirigami-inspired platform based on atomically-thin materials in a broader set of wearable technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-65
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Today
StatePublished - Apr 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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