The rate of living ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of N-hexyl-exo-norbornene-5,6- dicarboximide initiated by Grubbs third-generation catalyst precursors [(H2IMes)(py)2(Cl)2Ru=CHPh] and [(H2IMes)(3-Br-py)2(Cl)2Ru=CHPh] is measured to be independent of catalyst concentration. This result led to the development of a rate law describing living ROMP initiated by a Grubbs third-generation catalyst that includes an inverse first-order dependency in pyridine. Additionally, it is demonstrated that one of the two pyridines coordinated to the solid catalyst is fully dissociated in solution. The monopyridine adduct formation is confirmed in solution by 1H DOSY (diffusion-ordered NMR spectroscopy), and a Van't Hoff analysis of the equilibrium between mono- and dipyridine adducts (extrapolated Keq,0 ~ 0.5 at 25 °C). Finally, the difference in polymerization rates between two catalyst precursors is demonstrated to correspond to the difference in coordination strength between the two pyridines, suggesting that the catalytic species involved in the polymerization's rate-determining step is not coordinated to pyridine.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry