Kinematical investigation of possible fast collimated outflows in twelve planetary nebulae

J. S. Rechy-García, M. A. Guerrero, S. Duarte Puertas, Y. H. Chu, J. A. Toalá, L. F. Miranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A significant fraction of planetary nebulae (PNe) exhibit collimated outflows, distinct narrow kinematical components with notable velocity shifts with respect to the main nebular shells typically associated with low-ionization compact knots and linear or precessing jet-like features. We present here a spatio-kinematical investigation of a sample of 12 PNe with morphologies in emission lines of low-ionization species suggestive of collimated outflows. Using archival narrow-band images and our own high-dispersion long-slit echelle spectra, we confirm the presence of collimated outflows in Hen 2-429, J 320, M 1-66, M 2-40, M 3-1, and NGC 6210 and possibly in NGC 6741, for which the spatio-kinematical data can also be interpreted as a pair of bipolar lobes. The presence of collimated outflows is rejected in Hen 2-47, Hen 2-115, M 1-26, and M 1-37, but their morphology and kinematics are indicative of the action of supersonic outflows that have not been able to pierce through the nebular envelope. In this sense, M 1-66 appears to have experienced a similar interaction between the outflow and nebular envelope, but, as opposed to these four PNe, the outflow has been able to break through the nebular envelope. It is suggested that the PNe without collimated outflows in our sample are younger or descend from lower mass progenitors than those that exhibit unambiguous collimated outflows.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1957-1969
Number of pages13
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • ISM: jets and outflows
  • Planetary nebulae: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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