Kin of coauthorship in five decades of health science literature

Mattia Prosperi, Iain Buchan, Iuri Fanti, Sandro Meloni, Pietro Palladino, Vetle I. Torvik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Family background-kinship-can propagate careers. The evidence for academic nepotism is littered with complex associations and disputed causal inferences. Surname clustering, albeit with very careful consideration of surnames' flows across regions and time periods, can be used to reflect family ties. We examined surname patterns in the health science literature, by country, across five decades. Over 21 million papers indexed in the MEDLINE/PubMed database were analyzed. We identified relevant country-specific kinship trends over time and found that authors who are part of a kin tend to occupy central positions in their collaborative networks. Just as kin build potent academic networks with their own resources, societies may do well to provide equivalent support for talented individuals with fewer resources, on the periphery of networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8957-8962
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume113
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 9 2016

Fingerprint

Medicine in Literature
Health
PubMed
MEDLINE
Cluster Analysis
Databases

Keywords

  • Demographic model
  • Health science literature|pubmed|
  • Social capital|kinship|

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Kin of coauthorship in five decades of health science literature. / Prosperi, Mattia; Buchan, Iain; Fanti, Iuri; Meloni, Sandro; Palladino, Pietro; Torvik, Vetle I.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 113, No. 32, 09.08.2016, p. 8957-8962.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Prosperi, Mattia ; Buchan, Iain ; Fanti, Iuri ; Meloni, Sandro ; Palladino, Pietro ; Torvik, Vetle I. / Kin of coauthorship in five decades of health science literature. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2016 ; Vol. 113, No. 32. pp. 8957-8962.
@article{ff4a0e6468e6444aa9bdb8571e9e8853,
title = "Kin of coauthorship in five decades of health science literature",
abstract = "Family background-kinship-can propagate careers. The evidence for academic nepotism is littered with complex associations and disputed causal inferences. Surname clustering, albeit with very careful consideration of surnames' flows across regions and time periods, can be used to reflect family ties. We examined surname patterns in the health science literature, by country, across five decades. Over 21 million papers indexed in the MEDLINE/PubMed database were analyzed. We identified relevant country-specific kinship trends over time and found that authors who are part of a kin tend to occupy central positions in their collaborative networks. Just as kin build potent academic networks with their own resources, societies may do well to provide equivalent support for talented individuals with fewer resources, on the periphery of networks.",
keywords = "Demographic model, Health science literature|pubmed|, Social capital|kinship|",
author = "Mattia Prosperi and Iain Buchan and Iuri Fanti and Sandro Meloni and Pietro Palladino and Torvik, {Vetle I.}",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
day = "9",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.1517745113",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "113",
pages = "8957--8962",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
number = "32",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Kin of coauthorship in five decades of health science literature

AU - Prosperi, Mattia

AU - Buchan, Iain

AU - Fanti, Iuri

AU - Meloni, Sandro

AU - Palladino, Pietro

AU - Torvik, Vetle I.

PY - 2016/8/9

Y1 - 2016/8/9

N2 - Family background-kinship-can propagate careers. The evidence for academic nepotism is littered with complex associations and disputed causal inferences. Surname clustering, albeit with very careful consideration of surnames' flows across regions and time periods, can be used to reflect family ties. We examined surname patterns in the health science literature, by country, across five decades. Over 21 million papers indexed in the MEDLINE/PubMed database were analyzed. We identified relevant country-specific kinship trends over time and found that authors who are part of a kin tend to occupy central positions in their collaborative networks. Just as kin build potent academic networks with their own resources, societies may do well to provide equivalent support for talented individuals with fewer resources, on the periphery of networks.

AB - Family background-kinship-can propagate careers. The evidence for academic nepotism is littered with complex associations and disputed causal inferences. Surname clustering, albeit with very careful consideration of surnames' flows across regions and time periods, can be used to reflect family ties. We examined surname patterns in the health science literature, by country, across five decades. Over 21 million papers indexed in the MEDLINE/PubMed database were analyzed. We identified relevant country-specific kinship trends over time and found that authors who are part of a kin tend to occupy central positions in their collaborative networks. Just as kin build potent academic networks with their own resources, societies may do well to provide equivalent support for talented individuals with fewer resources, on the periphery of networks.

KW - Demographic model

KW - Health science literature|pubmed|

KW - Social capital|kinship|

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84982984290&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84982984290&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1517745113

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1517745113

M3 - Article

C2 - 27457939

AN - SCOPUS:84982984290

VL - 113

SP - 8957

EP - 8962

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 32

ER -