Job attitudes and employee engagement: A meta-analysis of construct redundancy

Dana L. Joseph, Daniel A. Newman, Charles L. Hulin

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

The employee engagement concept has faced scrutiny due to its near-redundancy with three classic job attitudes'job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and job involvement. We address this scrutiny in four steps. First, we present a higher-order attitude factor, or 'A-factor,' that underlies job satisfaction, affective commitment, and job involvement. Second, we use metaanalysis to extend Harrison, Newman, and Roth's (2006) Attitude-Engagement Model, showing that the A-factor robustly predicts a broad work-behavior criterion (r =.51). Third, we metaanalytically review the strong overlaps between the higher-order attitude A-factor and attitudinal employee engagement, to show that typical employee engagement measures are essentially redundant with the A-factor (r =.77). Finally, factor-analytic evidence suggests engagement items likely measure the same construct, in the same way, as classic job attitude/satisfaction measures. Results are discussed in light of both the high empirical redundancy'and high practical utility'of employee engagement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Event70th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management - Dare to Care: Passion and Compassion in Management Practice and Research, AOM 2010 - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: Aug 6 2010Aug 10 2010

Other

Other70th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management - Dare to Care: Passion and Compassion in Management Practice and Research, AOM 2010
CountryCanada
CityMontreal, QC
Period8/6/108/10/10

Keywords

  • Employee engagement
  • Job attitudes
  • Meta-analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Industrial relations

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