Jersey steer ruminal papillae histology and nutrigenomics with diet changes

Taylor E. Novak, Sandra L. Rodriguez-Zas, Bruce R. Southey, Jessica D. Starkey, Ricardo M. Stockler, Gastón F. Alfaro, Sonia J. Moisá

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The transition from a high forage to a high concentrate diet is an important milestone for beef cattle moving from a stocker system to the feedlot. However, little is known about how this transition affects the rumen epithelial gene expression. This study assessed the effects of the transition from a high forage to a high concentrate diet as well as the transition from a high concentrate to a high forage diet on a variety of genes as well as ruminal papillae morphology in rumen fistulated Jersey steers. Jersey steers (n = 5) were fed either a high forage diet (80% forage and 20% grain) and transitioned to a high concentrate diet (20% forage and 80% grain) or a high concentrate diet (40% forage and 60% grain) and transitioned to a high forage diet (100% forage). Papillae from the rumen were collected for histology and RT-qPCR analysis. Body weight had a tendency for significant difference (p =.08). Histological analysis did not show changes in papillae length or width in steers transitioning from a high forage to a high concentrate diet or vice versa (p >.05). Genes related to cell membrane structure (CLDN1, CLDN4, DSG1), fatty acid metabolism (CPT1A, ACADSB), glycolysis (PFKL), ketogenesis (HMGCL, HMGCS2, ACAT1), lactate/pyruvate (LDHA), oxidative stress (NQO1), tissue growth (AKT3, EGFR, EREG, IGFBP5, IRS1) and the urea cycle (SLC14A1) were considered in this study. Overall, genes related to fatty acid metabolism (ACADSB) and growth and development (AKT3 and IGFBP5) had a tendency for a treatment × day on trial interaction effect. These profiles may be indicators of rumen epithelial adaptations in response to changes in diet. In conclusion, these results indicate that changes in the composition of the diet can alter the expression of genes with specific functions in rumen epithelial metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1694-1707
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Volume103
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

Keywords

  • bovine
  • diet change
  • gene expression
  • nutrigenomics
  • rumen epithelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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    Novak, T. E., Rodriguez-Zas, S. L., Southey, B. R., Starkey, J. D., Stockler, R. M., Alfaro, G. F., & Moisá, S. J. (2019). Jersey steer ruminal papillae histology and nutrigenomics with diet changes. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 103(6), 1694-1707. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpn.13189