Jamming with power boost: Leaky waveguide vulnerability in train systems

Sang Yoon Chang, Bao Anh N. Tran, Yih Chun Hu, Douglas L. Jones

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Modern-day train operations rely on wireless communications. Unlike other mobile systems, the train vehicle operations are tightly interwound with and remain physically close to the railway and the trackside infrastructure, providing a suitable platform to deploy leaky-waveguide-based communication. Due to the train system's safety-critical application and its exposure to the public, it is critical to address security in train communications. To investigate the availability of leaky waveguide communications, we first study prior leaky waveguide implementations in train systems and, based on those studies, construct a model to characterize the path loss of inside-waveguide propagation and the repeater implementations. Using our model, we analyze the jamming impact and contrast with jamming in free space without a waveguide. As a result, we establish that jamming the waveguide takes advantage of the waveguide infrastructure to extend its impact beyond the traditional jamming range and breaks the spatial dependence on the jamming source.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2015 IEEE 21st International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems, ICPADS 2015
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages37-43
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780769557854
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2016
Event21st IEEE International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems, ICPADS 2015 - Melbourne, Australia
Duration: Dec 14 2015Dec 17 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems - ICPADS
Volume2016-January
ISSN (Print)1521-9097

Other

Other21st IEEE International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems, ICPADS 2015
CountryAustralia
CityMelbourne
Period12/14/1512/17/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture

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  • Cite this

    Chang, S. Y., Tran, B. A. N., Hu, Y. C., & Jones, D. L. (2016). Jamming with power boost: Leaky waveguide vulnerability in train systems. In Proceedings - 2015 IEEE 21st International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems, ICPADS 2015 (pp. 37-43). [7384276] (Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems - ICPADS; Vol. 2016-January). IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICPADS.2015.13