Jammer-Type Estimation in LTE with a Smart Jammer Repeated Game

Farhan M. Aziz, Jeff S. Shamma, Gordon L. Stuber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Long-term evolution (LTE)/LTE-Advanced (LTE-A) networks are known to be vulnerable to denial-of-service (DOS) and loss-of-service attacks from smart jammers. The interaction between the network and the smart jammer has been modeled as an infinite-horizon general-sum (nonzero-sum) Bayesian game with asymmetric information, with the network being the uninformed player. Although significant work has been done on optimal strategy computation and control of information revelation of the informed player in repeated asymmetric information games, it has been limited to zero-sum games with perfect monitoring. Recent progress on the strategy computation of the uninformed player is also limited to zero-sum games with perfect monitoring and is focused on expected payoff formulations. Since the proposed formulation is a general-sum game with imperfect monitoring, existing formulations cannot be leveraged for estimating true state of nature (the jammer type). Hence, a threat-based mechanism is proposed for the uninformed player (the network) to estimate the informed player's type (jammer type). The proposed mechanism helps the network resolve uncertainty about the state of nature (jammer type) so that it can compute a repeated-game strategy conditioned on its estimate. The proposed algorithm does not rely on the commonly assumed 'full monitoring' premise and uses a combination of threat-based mechanism and nonparametric estimation to estimate the jammer type. In addition, it requires no explicit feedback from the network users, nor does it rely on a specific distribution (e.g., Gaussian) of test statistic. It is shown that the proposed algorithm's estimation performance is quite robust under realistic modeling and observational constraints, despite all the aforementioned challenges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7862285
Pages (from-to)7422-7431
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Bayesian games with asymmetric information
  • Long-term evolution (LTE)/LTE-Advanced (LTE-A)
  • non-parametric estimation
  • smart jamming
  • threat-based mechanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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