It was the best of times, it was the worst of times: A psychophysiologist's view of cognitive aging

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

This paper reviews research on age-related changes in working memory and attention control. This work is interpreted within a framework labeled "GOLDEN aging" (growing of lifelong differences explains normal aging), which is based on the idea that normal aging (as opposed to pathological aging) represents maturational processes causing progressive shifts in the distributions of mental abilities over the lifespan. As such, brain phenomena observed in normal aging are already apparent, under appropriate conditions, in younger adults. Among the phenomena that can be interpreted according to the GOLDEN aging framework are reductions in working memory capacity, impairments of inhibitory processes, increases in frontal lobe activation, and lack of suppression of responses as a function of repetition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-304
Number of pages22
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Event-related brain potentials (ERPs)
  • Inhibitory function
  • Optical imaging
  • Structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI, fMRI)
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry

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