Isolation System for Vibration Control of Stay Cables

Inho Hwang, Jong Seh Lee, B. F. Spencer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rain-wind induced cable vibration can cause serious problems in cable-stayed bridges. Externally attached dampers have been used to provide an effective means to suppress the vibration of relatively short stay cables. For very long stay cables, however, such damper systems are rendered ineffective, as the dampers need be attached near the end of the cables for aesthetic reasons. This paper investigates a new stay-cable isolation system to mitigate the cable vibration. The proposed isolation system, which consists of a laminated rubber bearing and an internal damper, may be installed inside of the cable anchorage. A simple analytical model of the cable-damper system is developed first based on the taut string representation of the cable. The response of a cable with the proposed isolation system is obtained and then compared to those of the cable with and without an external passive damper. The proposed stay-cable isolation system is shown to perform better than the optimal passive viscous damper, thereby demonstrating its applicability in large cable-stayed bridges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-66
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009


  • Bridges, cable-stayed
  • Isolation
  • VibrationWind loads

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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