The Streptococcus faecalis sex pheromone, cAM373, which induces a mating response of donor cells harboring plasmid pAM373 and is also produced by Staphylococcus aureus, was isolated and its structure determined. Supernatant from an overnight culture of a recipient strain was subjected to successive purification procedures, and 4.4 μg cAM373 was obtained. The isolated pheromone showed activity at a concentration as low as 5 × 10-11 M. Sequence analysis indicated that cAM373 was a heptapeptide, H-Ala-Ile-Phe-Ile-Leu-Ala-Ser-OH, and that its Mr was 733. A synthetic replicate of the peptide showed the same biological activity and chromatographic behavior as the native cAM373.
- (Streptococcus faecalis, staphylococcus aureus)
- Conjugative plasmid transfer Amino acid sequence
- Sex pheromone
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology