Isolating effects of Darrieus-Landau instability on the morphology and propagation of turbulent premixed flames

Advitya Patyal, Moshe Matalon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objective of this work is to provide physical insight into the mechanisms governing flame-turbulence interactions and explore the impact of the ubiquitous Darrieus-Landau instability on the propagation. It is based on the hydrodynamic theory of premixed flames that considers the flame thickness much smaller than all other fluidynamical length scales. In this asymptotic limit, the flame is thus confined to a surface whilst the diffusion and reaction processes occurring inside the flame zone are accounted for by two parameters: the unburned-to-burned density ratio and the Markstein length. The robust model, which is free of phenomenology and turbulence modelling assumptions, makes transparent the mutual interactions between the flame and the fluid flow, and permits examining trends in flame and flow characteristics while varying the turbulence intensity and mixture properties. It is used in this study to examine the morphological changes of the flame surface that result from the intertwined effects of the turbulence and instability, as demonstrated by the local displacement and curvature of the flame front, the extent of wrinkling and folding of the flame surface, and the overall flame brush thickness. It also provides a direct evaluation of the turbulent flame speed and its dependence on the mean flame curvature and on the hydrodynamic strain that it experiences. Also discussed are the effects of the flame on the flow by examining the various mechanisms of enstrophy and scalar gradient production/destruction, the degree of anisotropy created in the burned gas, and the restructuring of the vortical motion beyond the flame.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA2
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
StatePublished - Jun 10 2022


  • combustion
  • flames
  • turbulent reacting flows

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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