Isolated canine and murine intestinal cells exhibit a different pattern of fuel utilization for oxidative metabolism

A. D. Beaulieu, J. K. Drackley, T. R. Overton, L. S. Emmert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The amount and type of dietary fiber influences the end-products of fermentation and thus fuel availability to intestinal tissue. Metabolic fuel usage was studied in intestinal cells isolated from dogs consuming a commercial diet or from rats consuming either a commercial rat diet or dog diet to examine preferential fuel usage, the effect of diet, and species differences. Production of 14CO2 was measured by incubating cells in media containing either D-[U-14C]glucose, [1-14C]n-butyrate, L-[U-14C]glutamine, or [1-14C]propionate with or without competing substrates. The presence of a mixture of 5 mM each of glucose, butyrate, propionate, and acetate and 1 mM glutamine in the media decreased CO2 production from glucose, glutamine, and propionate by canine enterocytes (P < 0.05) and from glutamine and propionate by canine colonocytes (P < 0.05). The presence of glutamine in the media decreased glucose oxidation by murine enterocytes, regardless of the diet. Similarly, glutamine decreased glucose oxidation by murine colonocytes (P < 0.05), but only when the rats had consumed the rat diet. Regardless of diet, murine colonocytes oxidized more butyrate (P < 0.01) than did enterocytes, and murine enterocytes tended (P < 0.07) to oxidize more glucose than did colonocytes. The proportion of propionate in colonic contents was higher in dogs than in rats (P < 0.02), and the proportion of butyrate tended to be higher in contents from rats than in those from dogs (P < 0.08). Colonic and cecal wet weights were decreased (P < 0.05) when rats were fed the commercial dog diet. Preferred utilization of substrates by isolated canine enterocytes and colonocytes differed from that of murine intestinal cells. These differences were only partially overcome by feeding the same diet to each species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1223-1232
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume80
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2002

Keywords

  • Butyrates
  • Canis
  • Glutamine
  • Intestinal Mucosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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