Isoflavonoid accumulation in soybean hairy roots upon treatment with Fusarium solani

Vera V. Lozovaya, Anatoliy V. Lygin, Olga V. Zernova, Shuxian Li, Glen L. Hartman, Jack M. Widholm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hairy roots were initiated from two soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] genotypes with different susceptibility (susceptible Spencer and partially resistant PI567.374) to the disease sudden death syndrome (SDS) caused by the soil-borne fungal pathogen Fusarium solani f. sp. glycines (FSG) to study the role of isoflavonoids in the plant response to FSG infection. Hairy root cultures obtained by transformation with Agrobacterium rhizogenes allows normal root growth that can be visually monitored. The principal isoflavones (genistin, daidzin, glycitin and their malonyl conjugates and aglycones) and also isoflavonoid phytoalexins (coumestrol and glyceollin) were measured by HPLC in extracts of the FSG-inoculated and non-inoculated hairy roots. FSG mycelia grew more slowly on inoculated PI567.374 hairy roots than on Spencer hairy roots. The glyceollin content was higher in FSG-inoculated PI567.374 hairy roots than in Spencer hairy roots even though the glyceollin precursor, the isoflavone daidzein, was higher in Spencer. The de novo synthesis of isoflavones and glyceollin was confirmed by [ 14C]Phe incorporation into glyceollin, which was higher both in the FSG-inoculated roots and surrounding medium of the cv. PI567.374 than that of Spencer. Glyceollin was the most inhibitory to FSG growth among eight isoflavonoids tested. The levels of coumestrol, a putative phytoalexin, did not change upon FSG inoculation. The defense response was also elicited by FSG culture filtrates in hairy roots grown in liquid culture. The data obtained indicate that the ability of soybean roots to rapidly produce sufficient amounts of glyceollin in response to FSG infection might be important in providing partial resistance to this fungus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)671-679
Number of pages9
JournalPlant Physiology and Biochemistry
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - Jul 2004


  • Fungal pathogen
  • Fusarium solani
  • Glyceollin
  • Glycine max
  • Hairy roots
  • Isoflavones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science


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