Islamic gardens and landscapes

Research output: Book/ReportBook

Abstract

"In the course of my research," writes D. Fairchild Ruggles, "I devoured Arabic agricultural manuals from the tenth through the fourteenth centuries. I love gardening, and in these texts I was able to enter the minds of agriculturalists and botanists of a thousand years ago who likewise believed it was important and interesting to record all the known ways of propagating olive trees, the various uses of rosemary, and how best to fertilize a garden bed." Western admirers have long seen the Islamic garden as an earthly reflection of the paradise said to await the faithful. However, such simplification, Ruggles contends, denies the sophistication and diversity of the art form. Islamic Gardens and Landscapes immerses the reader in the world of the architects of the great gardens of the Islamic world, from medieval Morocco to contemporary India. Just as Islamic culture is historically dense, sophisticated, and complex, so too is the history of its built landscapes. Islamic gardens began from the practical need to organize the surrounding space of human civilization, tame nature, enhance the earth's yield, and create a legible map on which to distribute natural resources. Ruggles follows the evolution of these early farming efforts to their aristocratic apex in famous formal gardens of the Alhambra in Spain and the Taj Mahal in Agra. Whether in a humble city home or a royal courtyard, the garden has several defining characteristics, which Ruggles discusses. Most notable is an enclosed space divided into four equal parts surrounding a central design element. The traditional Islamic garden is inwardly focused, usually surrounded by buildings or in the form of a courtyard. Water provides a counterpoint to the portioned green sections. Ranging across poetry, court documents, agronomy manuals, and early garden representations, and richly illustrated with pictures and site plans, Islamic Gardens and Landscapes is a book of impressive scope sure to interest scholars and enthusiasts alike.

Original languageEnglish (US)
PublisherUniversity of Pennsylvania Press
Number of pages262
Volume9780812207286
ISBN (Electronic)9780812207286
ISBN (Print)0812240251, 9780812240252
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

agronomy
fourteenth century
Morocco
architect
civilization
poetry
love
natural resources
building
Spain
art
India
water
history
Courtyard

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Ruggles, D. F. (2008). Islamic gardens and landscapes. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Islamic gardens and landscapes. / Ruggles, D. Fairchild.

University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008. 262 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook

Ruggles, DF 2008, Islamic gardens and landscapes. vol. 9780812207286, University of Pennsylvania Press.
Ruggles DF. Islamic gardens and landscapes. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008. 262 p.
Ruggles, D. Fairchild. / Islamic gardens and landscapes. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008. 262 p.
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