Is the social physique anxiety scale really multidimensional? Conceptual and statistical arguments for a unidimensional model

Kathleen A. Martin, W. Jack Rejeski, Mark R. Leary, Edward McAuley, Susan Bane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Recent research has suggested that the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS) is a multidimensional rather than a unidimensional measure. The present study challenged this position on both conceptual and empirical grounds. After deleting three questionable items from the SPAS, a series of confirmatory factor analyses were conducted across four samples of women who had completed the scale. Across all samples, the model fit indices (i.e., all > .90) suggested that a nine-item, single factor model of the SPAS is more parsimonious and conceptually clear than a two-factor model. It is recommended that researchers of social physique anxiety begin to use the nine-item version of the SPAS described in this paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-367
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997



  • Psychometrics
  • Scale development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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