Is energy expenditure in emotion regulation dependent on individual differences and the specific emotion in question?

Philip I. Chow, Howard Berenbaum, Luis E. Flores

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study tested the hypothesis that the degree of self-control exerted in suppressing emotions would depend on the combination of personality (independence and dutifulness/self-discipline) and the specific type of emotion being suppressed (anger vs. appreciation). In a between-subjects design, 245 college students were induced to experience either anger or appreciation and were then instructed to suppress their emotional expression. Self-control strength was measured using a handgrip task. Exertion of self-control strength over two time points was differentially associated with levels of independence and dutifulness/self-discipline (conscientiousness) and emotion suppression condition. Specifically, individuals higher in dutifulness/self-discipline had a harder time if they were suppressing appreciation than if they were suppressing anger at others, whereas individuals higher in independence had a harder time if they were suppressing anger at others than if they were suppressing appreciation. Implications for understanding personality, self-control, and emotion regulation are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)758-764
Number of pages7
JournalMotivation and Emotion
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

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Anger
Individuality
Energy Metabolism
Emotions
Personality
Students
Self-Control

Keywords

  • Emotion regulation
  • Individual differences
  • Self-control
  • Suppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Is energy expenditure in emotion regulation dependent on individual differences and the specific emotion in question? / Chow, Philip I.; Berenbaum, Howard; Flores, Luis E.

In: Motivation and Emotion, Vol. 37, No. 4, 01.12.2013, p. 758-764.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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