Irradiation effects in UO2 and CeO2

Bei Ye, Aaron Oaks, Mark Kirk, Di Yun, Wei Ying Chen, Benjamin Holtzman, James F. Stubbins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Single crystal CeO2, as a surrogate material to UO2, was irradiated with 500 keV xenon ions at 800 °C while being observed using in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Experimental results show the formation and growth of defect clusters including dislocation loops and cavities as a function of increasing atomic displacement dose. At high dose, the dislocation loop structure evolves into an extended dislocation line structure, which appears to remain stable to the high dose levels examined in this study. A high concentration of cavities was also present in the microstructure. Despite high atomic displacement doses, the specimen remained crystalline to a cumulated dose of 5 × 1015 ions/cm2, which is consistent with the known stability of the fluorite structure under high dose irradiation. Kinetic Monte Carlo calculations show that oxygen mobility is substantially higher in hypo-stoichiometric UO2/CeO2 than hyper-stoichiometric systems. This result is consistent with the ability of irradiation damage to recover even at intermediate irradiation temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-529
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume441
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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    Ye, B., Oaks, A., Kirk, M., Yun, D., Chen, W. Y., Holtzman, B., & Stubbins, J. F. (2013). Irradiation effects in UO2 and CeO2. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 441(1-3), 525-529. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2012.09.035