Invitation talk

Numa Markee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In Markee (2005), I investigated how off-task invitation talk that occurred during an English as a Second Language (ESL) class that was supposed to be discussing German reunification was achieved in the interactional context of what I have called elsewhere a zone of interactional transition, or ZIT (Markee 2004). ZITs may be understood as ‘talk that occurs at the boundaries of different classroom speech exchange systems. ZITs are loci of potential interactional trouble, whose structural explication is of interest to both CA and SLA researchers, and also to teachers and teacher trainers’ (Markee 2004: 584). In addition, I showed in the 2005 chapter how difficult it was for the two learners who engaged in this invitation talk to maintain off-task talk in the face of ongoing, on-task talk by the rest of the class. Finally, I concluded with some general implications for socially contexted approaches to SLA such as conversation analysis-for-second language acquisition (CA-for-SLA).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLanguage Learning and Teaching as Social Inter-action
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780230591240
ISBN (Print)9780230517004
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences
  • General Arts and Humanities


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