Investigation of the physical properties of dog intestinal microvillar membrane proteins by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis: a comparison between normal dogs and dogs with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency

Susanne Hedeager Sørensen, Jane E. Riley, Robert W. Lobley, Philip W. Pemberton, David A. Williams, Roger M. Batt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Procedures have been validated for the investigation of the physical properties of canine microvillar membrane proteins by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. These have been used to examine mucosal samples from eight control dogs and from five dogs with naturally occuring exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) in order to evaluate the potential role of the pancreas in the normal turnover of microvillar membrane proteins in the dog. Gel scanning showed that the proportion of total membrane protein in bands corresponding to a molecular mass greater than 200 kDa was up to 20-times higher in dogs with EPI than in control dogs. In particular, a band of apparent molecular mass 218 kDA represented between 8 and 28% of membrane protein in all affected dogs, compared with only 0.5 to 1.8% in controls, and is most likely to contain single chains of both pro-maltase-glucoamylase and pro-sucrase-isomaltase. Incubation of microvillar membranes in vitro with either trypsin or canine pancreatic juice resulted in degradation of this high molecular mass band and a corresponding increase in the amount of protein in three bands representing molecular masses of 150, 133 and 106 kDa. In samples from control dogs aminopeptidase N was identified in the 133 kDa band by Western blotting and incubation with monospecific antiserum. These findings suggest that pancreatic enzymes play a major role in the normal post-translational processing of intestinal microvillar membrane proteins in the dog.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-282
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Protein Structure and Molecular
Volume955
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 1988
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • (Dog)
  • Electrophoresis
  • Microvillar membrane
  • Pancreatic insufficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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