Investigating the roles of neighborhood environments and housing-based social support in the relocation of persons made homeless by hurricane katrina

Bret Kloos, Kate Flory, Benjamin L. Hankin, Catherine A. Cheely, Michelle Segal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined whether social support tied to relocation efforts and neighborhood social climate may mediate the effects of stressful life events on mental health outcomes following Hurricane Katrina. Participants were 108 adult persons made homeless by Hurricane Katrina and evacuated to Columbia, South Carolina. Civic leaders developed an intervention model that emphasized (a) a one-stop point of entry, (b) living in hotels and apartments rather than shelters, and (c) matching hotels with volunteer hosts to assist in relocation efforts. Results revealed that perceived neighborhood factors and satisfaction with host relationship were related to several mental health outcomes. Neighborhood social climate partially mediated several mental health outcomes. Implications of this intervention model and the utility of social ecological perspectives on homelessness interventions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-154
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

Keywords

  • Homelessness
  • Hurricane Katrina
  • Mental health
  • Neighborhood
  • Social ecology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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