Stumpware is an unusual ceramic utensil that appears abruptly at the beginning of the Terminal Late Woodland period (AD 900) in the American Bottom region of Illinois. Several functions have been postulated but the timing of its introduction (coincident with the beginning of maize horticulture in the region) and the prevalence of white residue are suggestive of their role in the production of quicklime for use in the nixtamalization of corn (see Benchley 2003). We present the initial results of our efforts to test this hypothesis by creating replica stumpware and using them to convert limestone to quicklime.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 74th Annual Meeting|
|State||Published - 2017|