Investigating employee turnover in the construction industry: A psychological contract perspective

Ying Yi Chih, Kohyar Kiazad, Lian Zhou, Alessandra Capezio, Min Li, Simon Lloyd D. Restubog

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Employee turnover has long been, and will continue to be, a significant concern in the construction industry. Organizations that can retain skilled employees have a stronger competitive advantage. In two independent studies in China and the Philippines, the authors investigated the role of psychological contract breach in predicting employee turnover in the construction industry. The results reveal that psychological contract breach results in emotional exhaustion, which in turn predicts employees' turnover intentions (Study 1) and actual turnover (Study 2). The results further suggest that younger as opposed to older construction workers who experience psychological contract breach are more likely to experience greater levels of emotional exhaustion and exit their organizations. Accordingly, to retain skilled workers, construction organizations should understand and continuously manage employees' psychological contract expectations and provide more support to younger workers. This paper offers significant theoretical contributions because it is one of the few in the construction literature that examine both employee turnover intentions and actual turnover from a psychological contract perspective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04016006
JournalJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
Volume142
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Construction industry
Personnel
Psychological contract
Employee turnover
Psychological contract breach
Turnover intention
Employees
Emotional exhaustion
Turnover

Keywords

  • Age
  • Construction workers
  • Emotional exhaustion
  • Employee turnover
  • Labor and personnel issues
  • Psychological contract breach
  • Psychological contracts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Industrial relations
  • Strategy and Management

Cite this

Investigating employee turnover in the construction industry : A psychological contract perspective. / Chih, Ying Yi; Kiazad, Kohyar; Zhou, Lian; Capezio, Alessandra; Li, Min; Restubog, Simon Lloyd D.

In: Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Vol. 142, No. 6, 04016006, 01.06.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1d6cf23b95b84ebbb5a25976d1ac1015,
title = "Investigating employee turnover in the construction industry: A psychological contract perspective",
abstract = "Employee turnover has long been, and will continue to be, a significant concern in the construction industry. Organizations that can retain skilled employees have a stronger competitive advantage. In two independent studies in China and the Philippines, the authors investigated the role of psychological contract breach in predicting employee turnover in the construction industry. The results reveal that psychological contract breach results in emotional exhaustion, which in turn predicts employees' turnover intentions (Study 1) and actual turnover (Study 2). The results further suggest that younger as opposed to older construction workers who experience psychological contract breach are more likely to experience greater levels of emotional exhaustion and exit their organizations. Accordingly, to retain skilled workers, construction organizations should understand and continuously manage employees' psychological contract expectations and provide more support to younger workers. This paper offers significant theoretical contributions because it is one of the few in the construction literature that examine both employee turnover intentions and actual turnover from a psychological contract perspective.",
keywords = "Age, Construction workers, Emotional exhaustion, Employee turnover, Labor and personnel issues, Psychological contract breach, Psychological contracts",
author = "Chih, {Ying Yi} and Kohyar Kiazad and Lian Zhou and Alessandra Capezio and Min Li and Restubog, {Simon Lloyd D.}",
year = "2016",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001101",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "142",
journal = "Journal of Construction Engineering and Management - ASCE",
issn = "0733-9364",
publisher = "American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigating employee turnover in the construction industry

T2 - A psychological contract perspective

AU - Chih, Ying Yi

AU - Kiazad, Kohyar

AU - Zhou, Lian

AU - Capezio, Alessandra

AU - Li, Min

AU - Restubog, Simon Lloyd D.

PY - 2016/6/1

Y1 - 2016/6/1

N2 - Employee turnover has long been, and will continue to be, a significant concern in the construction industry. Organizations that can retain skilled employees have a stronger competitive advantage. In two independent studies in China and the Philippines, the authors investigated the role of psychological contract breach in predicting employee turnover in the construction industry. The results reveal that psychological contract breach results in emotional exhaustion, which in turn predicts employees' turnover intentions (Study 1) and actual turnover (Study 2). The results further suggest that younger as opposed to older construction workers who experience psychological contract breach are more likely to experience greater levels of emotional exhaustion and exit their organizations. Accordingly, to retain skilled workers, construction organizations should understand and continuously manage employees' psychological contract expectations and provide more support to younger workers. This paper offers significant theoretical contributions because it is one of the few in the construction literature that examine both employee turnover intentions and actual turnover from a psychological contract perspective.

AB - Employee turnover has long been, and will continue to be, a significant concern in the construction industry. Organizations that can retain skilled employees have a stronger competitive advantage. In two independent studies in China and the Philippines, the authors investigated the role of psychological contract breach in predicting employee turnover in the construction industry. The results reveal that psychological contract breach results in emotional exhaustion, which in turn predicts employees' turnover intentions (Study 1) and actual turnover (Study 2). The results further suggest that younger as opposed to older construction workers who experience psychological contract breach are more likely to experience greater levels of emotional exhaustion and exit their organizations. Accordingly, to retain skilled workers, construction organizations should understand and continuously manage employees' psychological contract expectations and provide more support to younger workers. This paper offers significant theoretical contributions because it is one of the few in the construction literature that examine both employee turnover intentions and actual turnover from a psychological contract perspective.

KW - Age

KW - Construction workers

KW - Emotional exhaustion

KW - Employee turnover

KW - Labor and personnel issues

KW - Psychological contract breach

KW - Psychological contracts

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84969962036&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84969962036&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001101

DO - 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001101

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84969962036

VL - 142

JO - Journal of Construction Engineering and Management - ASCE

JF - Journal of Construction Engineering and Management - ASCE

SN - 0733-9364

IS - 6

M1 - 04016006

ER -