Inventory of spirituality in alcohol/other drug research: Psychometric dimensions

Clayton T. Shorkey, Liliane Cambraia Windsor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article describes the Christian Inventory of Spirituality (CIS), developed to measure changes in feeling, thinking, and behaviors toward self, others, and God accompanying spiritual transformation of persons completing Christian spiritually based alcohol/other drugs (AOD) recovery programs. The initial item pool was generated in focus groups with program participants. Exploratory factor analysis identified 48 items in five spiritual dimensions. The instrument's reliability was evaluated with data from 954 respondents from 31 programs in Texas and California. Stability, construct validity, and preliminary normative data testing were examined. Analysis revealed a useful, reliable, valid, and stable measure of spiritual change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-37
Number of pages21
JournalAlcoholism Treatment Quarterly
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Alcohol/other drugs (AOD)
  • Assessment
  • Christian Inventory of Spirituality (CIS)
  • Spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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