Invariance of wearing location of Omron-BI pedometers: A validation study

Weimo Zhu, Miyoung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability evidences of the Omron BI pedometer, which could count steps taken even when worn at different locations on the body. Methods: Forty (20 males and 20 females) adults were recruited to walk wearing 5 sets, 1 set at a time, of 10 BI pedometers during testing, 1 each at 10 different locations. For comparison, they also wore 2 Yamax Digi-Walker SW-200 pedometers and a Dynastream AMP 331 activity monitor. The subjects walked in 3 free-living conditions: a flat sidewalk, stairs, and mixed conditions. Results: Except for a slight decrease in accuracy in the pant pocket locations, Omron BI pedometers counted steps accurately across other locations when subjects walked on the flat sidewalk, and the performance was consistent across devices and trials. When the subjects climbed up stairs, however, the absolute error % of the pant pocket locations increased significantly (P<.05) and similar or higher error rates were found in the AMP 331 and SW-200s. Conclusions: The Omron BI pedometer can accurately count steps when worn at various locations on the body in free-living conditions except for front pant pocket locations, especially when climbing stairs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)706-717
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2010


  • Measurement
  • Physical activity
  • Validation
  • Walking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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