Intrinsic exchange bias in Znx Mn3-x O4 (x≤1) solid solutions

Daniel P. Shoemaker, Efrain E. Rodriguez, Ram Seshadri, Ivana Sabaj Abumohor, Thomas Proffen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Bulk specimens of the hetærolite solid solution Znx Mn3-x O4 with x=0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1 have been prepared as homogeneous, phase-pure polycrystalline samples as ascertained by neutron-diffraction measurements. Samples with x=0.25, 0.5, and 0.75 exhibit shifted magnetic hysteresis loops at low temperature, characteristic of exchange bias typically seen in magnetic composites. We propose that the unusual magnetic behavior arises as a result of a nanoscale mixture of ferrimagnetic and antiferromagnetic regions that are distinct but lack long-range order. While some glassy behavior is seen in ac magnetic measurements, its magnitude is not sufficient to account for the observed dramatic exchange bias. Furthermore, isothermal and thermoremanent magnetization measurements distinguish this material from a pure spin glass. The title system offers insights into the alloying of a ferrimagnet Mn3 O4 with an antiferromagnet ZnMn2 O4 wherein distinct magnetic clusters grow and percolate to produce a smooth transition between competing orders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number144422
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number14
StatePublished - Oct 26 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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