Interpreting date-eU correlations in zircon (U-Th)/He datasets: A case study from the Longmen Shan, China

William R. Guenthner, Peter W. Reiners, Yuntao Tian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Zircon (U-Th)/He (zircon He) dates from the Longmen Shan (LMS, on the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau) show a distinctive compositional dependence consistent with a strong effect of radiation damage on He diffusion. Using a new model accounting for the evolution of damage and diffusivity as a function of time and temperature, we use these data, together with constraints from other low-. T thermochronometers, to interpret the Precambrian to Neogene thermal and exhumation histories of LMS basement rocks. For most samples, several features of the inverse correlations between single-grain zircon He dates and effective uranium (eU) concentrations, combined with geologic constraints, require near-surface exposure in the Precambrian, followed by burial and heating to temperatures less than about 200°C over hundreds of Ma, and a final episode of cooling (exhumation) to surface temperatures after ~30 Ma. In contrast, samples from the hanging wall of the Wenchuan-Maowen thrust fault in the LMS show weak or no date-eU correlations, requiring exhumation from greater depths than corresponding footwall rocks. Our modeling focuses particularly on maximum temperatures prior to Cenozoic exhumation, as well as the timing of the Cenozoic rapid cooling event, as these thermal history segments are most pertinent to debates about the timing and kinematics of recent exhumation in the LMS. Models for one sample near the front of the range in the central LMS (LME-18) require rapid Cenozoic cooling from ~180°C to less than ~50°C from ~30-25 Ma. Model results from a more hinterland transect in the central LMS (Wenchuan) require a later rapid cooling event from ~190°C to the surface, beginning at ~15 Ma. Finally, our models for samples from the southern LMS (WMF footwall transect) require rapid cooling from ~200°C to the surface beginning at ~12 Ma. Taken together, these reinterpretations of previously published results lead to a cohesive burial and exhumation history for samples from a large area of the orogen and require large-magnitude exhumation in hinterland regions of the LMS more than 10 Ma after exhumation in the frontal part of the range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-339
Number of pages12
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume403
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Uranium
exhumation
uranium
China
zircon
Cooling
cooling
histories
Rocks
time measurement
rocks
footwall
Temperature
Radiation damage
Precambrian
basements
radiation damage
transect
history
surface temperature

Keywords

  • Longmen Shan
  • Low-temperature thermochronology
  • Radiation damage
  • Tibetan Plateau
  • Zircon (U-Th)/He dating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Interpreting date-eU correlations in zircon (U-Th)/He datasets : A case study from the Longmen Shan, China. / Guenthner, William R.; Reiners, Peter W.; Tian, Yuntao.

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 403, 01.10.2014, p. 328-339.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Zircon (U-Th)/He (zircon He) dates from the Longmen Shan (LMS, on the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau) show a distinctive compositional dependence consistent with a strong effect of radiation damage on He diffusion. Using a new model accounting for the evolution of damage and diffusivity as a function of time and temperature, we use these data, together with constraints from other low-. T thermochronometers, to interpret the Precambrian to Neogene thermal and exhumation histories of LMS basement rocks. For most samples, several features of the inverse correlations between single-grain zircon He dates and effective uranium (eU) concentrations, combined with geologic constraints, require near-surface exposure in the Precambrian, followed by burial and heating to temperatures less than about 200°C over hundreds of Ma, and a final episode of cooling (exhumation) to surface temperatures after ~30 Ma. In contrast, samples from the hanging wall of the Wenchuan-Maowen thrust fault in the LMS show weak or no date-eU correlations, requiring exhumation from greater depths than corresponding footwall rocks. Our modeling focuses particularly on maximum temperatures prior to Cenozoic exhumation, as well as the timing of the Cenozoic rapid cooling event, as these thermal history segments are most pertinent to debates about the timing and kinematics of recent exhumation in the LMS. Models for one sample near the front of the range in the central LMS (LME-18) require rapid Cenozoic cooling from ~180°C to less than ~50°C from ~30-25 Ma. Model results from a more hinterland transect in the central LMS (Wenchuan) require a later rapid cooling event from ~190°C to the surface, beginning at ~15 Ma. Finally, our models for samples from the southern LMS (WMF footwall transect) require rapid cooling from ~200°C to the surface beginning at ~12 Ma. Taken together, these reinterpretations of previously published results lead to a cohesive burial and exhumation history for samples from a large area of the orogen and require large-magnitude exhumation in hinterland regions of the LMS more than 10 Ma after exhumation in the frontal part of the range.",
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N2 - Zircon (U-Th)/He (zircon He) dates from the Longmen Shan (LMS, on the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau) show a distinctive compositional dependence consistent with a strong effect of radiation damage on He diffusion. Using a new model accounting for the evolution of damage and diffusivity as a function of time and temperature, we use these data, together with constraints from other low-. T thermochronometers, to interpret the Precambrian to Neogene thermal and exhumation histories of LMS basement rocks. For most samples, several features of the inverse correlations between single-grain zircon He dates and effective uranium (eU) concentrations, combined with geologic constraints, require near-surface exposure in the Precambrian, followed by burial and heating to temperatures less than about 200°C over hundreds of Ma, and a final episode of cooling (exhumation) to surface temperatures after ~30 Ma. In contrast, samples from the hanging wall of the Wenchuan-Maowen thrust fault in the LMS show weak or no date-eU correlations, requiring exhumation from greater depths than corresponding footwall rocks. Our modeling focuses particularly on maximum temperatures prior to Cenozoic exhumation, as well as the timing of the Cenozoic rapid cooling event, as these thermal history segments are most pertinent to debates about the timing and kinematics of recent exhumation in the LMS. Models for one sample near the front of the range in the central LMS (LME-18) require rapid Cenozoic cooling from ~180°C to less than ~50°C from ~30-25 Ma. Model results from a more hinterland transect in the central LMS (Wenchuan) require a later rapid cooling event from ~190°C to the surface, beginning at ~15 Ma. Finally, our models for samples from the southern LMS (WMF footwall transect) require rapid cooling from ~200°C to the surface beginning at ~12 Ma. Taken together, these reinterpretations of previously published results lead to a cohesive burial and exhumation history for samples from a large area of the orogen and require large-magnitude exhumation in hinterland regions of the LMS more than 10 Ma after exhumation in the frontal part of the range.

AB - Zircon (U-Th)/He (zircon He) dates from the Longmen Shan (LMS, on the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau) show a distinctive compositional dependence consistent with a strong effect of radiation damage on He diffusion. Using a new model accounting for the evolution of damage and diffusivity as a function of time and temperature, we use these data, together with constraints from other low-. T thermochronometers, to interpret the Precambrian to Neogene thermal and exhumation histories of LMS basement rocks. For most samples, several features of the inverse correlations between single-grain zircon He dates and effective uranium (eU) concentrations, combined with geologic constraints, require near-surface exposure in the Precambrian, followed by burial and heating to temperatures less than about 200°C over hundreds of Ma, and a final episode of cooling (exhumation) to surface temperatures after ~30 Ma. In contrast, samples from the hanging wall of the Wenchuan-Maowen thrust fault in the LMS show weak or no date-eU correlations, requiring exhumation from greater depths than corresponding footwall rocks. Our modeling focuses particularly on maximum temperatures prior to Cenozoic exhumation, as well as the timing of the Cenozoic rapid cooling event, as these thermal history segments are most pertinent to debates about the timing and kinematics of recent exhumation in the LMS. Models for one sample near the front of the range in the central LMS (LME-18) require rapid Cenozoic cooling from ~180°C to less than ~50°C from ~30-25 Ma. Model results from a more hinterland transect in the central LMS (Wenchuan) require a later rapid cooling event from ~190°C to the surface, beginning at ~15 Ma. Finally, our models for samples from the southern LMS (WMF footwall transect) require rapid cooling from ~200°C to the surface beginning at ~12 Ma. Taken together, these reinterpretations of previously published results lead to a cohesive burial and exhumation history for samples from a large area of the orogen and require large-magnitude exhumation in hinterland regions of the LMS more than 10 Ma after exhumation in the frontal part of the range.

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