Interpretable Visual Reasoning via Induced Symbolic Space

Zhonghao Wang, Kai Wang, Mo Yu, Jinjun Xiong, Wen Mei Hwu, Mark Hasegawa-Johnson, Humphrey Shi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


We study the problem of concept induction in visual reasoning, i.e., identifying concepts and their hierarchical relationships from question-answer pairs associated with images; and achieve an interpretable model via working on the induced symbolic concept space. To this end, we first design a new framework named object-centric compositional attention model (OCCAM) to perform the visual reasoning task with object-level visual features. Then, we come up with a method to induce concepts of objects and relations using clues from the attention patterns between objects' visual features and question words. Finally, we achieve a higher level of interpretability by imposing OCCAM on the objects represented in the induced symbolic concept space. Experiments on the CLEVR and GQA datasets demonstrate: 1) our OCCAM achieves a new state of the art without human-annotated functional programs; 2) our induced concepts are both accurate and sufficient as OCCAM achieves an on-par performance on objects represented either in visual features or in the induced symbolic concept space.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2021 IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision, ICCV 2021
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781665428125
StatePublished - 2021
Event18th IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision, ICCV 2021 - Virtual, Online, Canada
Duration: Oct 11 2021Oct 17 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision
ISSN (Print)1550-5499


Conference18th IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision, ICCV 2021
CityVirtual, Online

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

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