Interplay between field measurements and soil behavior for capturing supported excavation response

Abdolreza Osouli, Youssef M.A. Hashash, Hwayeon Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Instruments are installed during the construction of urban excavations to monitor ground response at discrete locations to various construction activities, to verify design assumptions and to effectively apply the observational approach. Inverse analysis approaches are often used to develop improved soil models suitable for representing soil response during excavation from these measurements. We propose that through the integration of inverse analysis and instrument measurements, it is possible to provide information on excavation performance at locations where no instrumentation is available. Therefore, this study examines the relationship between various instruments typically used on an excavation project and the quality of information that can be extracted for excavation modeling. A synthetically generated set of instrument measurements that include inclinometers, surface settlement points, extensometers, heave gauges, piezometers, and strain gauges, using an idealized soil profile are initially used. The analyses show that in addition to the measurements of lateral wall deflections and surface settlement, inclinometers placed some distance behind the wall and measured forces in the struts significantly improve the quality of the extracted soil behavior. These findings are further demonstrated with a well instrumented deep excavation case study in Taipei. The inclinometers at the wall and at farther distance from the wall are used to extract the soil behavior. The extracted soil model used in a numerical analysis provides a good prediction of excavation behavior elsewhere around the excavation including surface settlements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number022001QGT
Pages (from-to)69-84
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2010


  • Excavations
  • Instrumentation
  • Inverse analysis
  • Soil behavior
  • Soil properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


Dive into the research topics of 'Interplay between field measurements and soil behavior for capturing supported excavation response'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this