Interpersonal Attachment Cognitions and Prediction of Symptomatic Responses to Interpersonal Stress

Constance L. Hammen, Dorli Burge, Shannon E. Daley, Joanne Davila, Blair Paley, Karen D. Rudolph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The authors tested a cognitive-interpersonal hypothesis of depression by examining the role of interpersonal cognitions in the prediction of depression associated with interpersonal stressors. A measure of adult attachment assessed interpersonal cognitions about ability to be close to others and to depend on others and anxiety about rejection and abandonment. Participants were women who had recently graduated from high school; they were followed for 1 year with extensive interview evaluation of life events, depression, and other symptomatology. Generally, cognitions, interpersonal events, and their interactions contributed to the prediction of interview-assessed depressive symptoms, but the effects were not specific to depression and predicted general symptomatology measured by diagnostic interviews as well, and results also varied by attachment subscale. Results were discussed in terms of a developmental psychopathology approach to disorders in young women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)436-443
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of abnormal psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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