Interparticle collisions driven by ultrasound

Stephen J. Doktycz, Kenneth S. Suslick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ultrasound has become an important synthetic tool in liquid-solid chemical reactions, but the origins of the observed enhancements remained unknown. The effects of high-intensity ultrasound on solid-liquid slurries were examined. Turbulent flow and shock waves produced by acoustic cavitation were found to drive metal particles together at sufficiently high velocities to induce melting upon collision. A series of transition-metal powders were used to probe the maximum temperatures and speeds reached during such interparticle collisions. Metal particles that were irradiated in hydrocarbon liquids with ultrasound underwent collisions at roughly half the speed of sound and generated localized effective temperatures between 2600°C and 3400°C at the point of impact for particles with an average diameter of ∼10 μm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1067-1069
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume247
Issue number4946
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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