Intermediate science knowledge predicts overconfidence

Carmen Sanchez, David Dunning

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review


Lackner et al. found science overconfidence peaks at intermediate levels of knowledge. Those with intermediate knowledge also hold the most negative attitudes toward scientists. In doing so, they provide a novel measure of overconfidence that measures the tendency to give incorrect answers as opposed to answering, ‘I don't know’.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)284-285
Number of pages2
JournalTrends in Cognitive Sciences
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2024


  • Dunning–Kruger effect
  • beginner's bubble
  • overconfidence
  • scientists

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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