An interatomic potential based semiclassical theory is proposed to predict the concentration and potential profiles of a Lennard-Jones (LJ) fluid confined in a channel. The inputs to the semiclassical formulation are the LJ parameters of the fluid and the wall, the density of channel wall atoms, and the average concentration of the fluid inside the channel. Using the semiclassical formulation, fluid confinement in channel with widths ranging from 2 ff to 100 ff, where ff is the fluid-fluid LJ distance parameter, is investigated. The concentration and potential predicted by the semiclassical formulation are found to be in good agreement with those from equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. While atomistic simulations in large channels are computationally expensive, the proposed semiclassical formulation can rapidly and accurately predict the concentration and potential profiles. The proposed semiclassical theory is thus a robust and fast method to predict the interfacial and "bulk" fluid phenomena in channels with widths ranging from the macroscale down to the scale of a few atomic diameters.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry