Interactive effects of trait and state affect on top-down control of attention

Juyoen Hur, Gregory A. Miller, Jenika R.B. McDavitt, Jeffrey M. Spielberg, Laura D. Crocker, Zachary P. Infantolino, David N. Towers, Stacie L. Warren, Wendy Heller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Few studies have investigated how attentional control is affected by transient affective states while taking individual differences in affective traits into consideration. In this study, participants completed a color-word Stroop task immediately after undergoing a positive, neutral or negative affective context manipulation (ACM). Behavioral performance was unaffected by any ACM considered in isolation. For individuals high in trait negative affect (NA), performance was impaired by the negative but not the positive or neutral ACM. Neuroimaging results indicate that activity in primarily top-down control regions of the brain (inferior frontal gyrus and dorsal anterior cingulate cortex) was suppressed in the presence of emotional arousal (both negative and positive ACMs). This effect appears to have been exacerbated or offset by co-occurring activity in other top-down control regions (parietal) and emotion processing regions (orbitofrontal cortex, amygdala and nucleus accumbens) as a function of the valence of state affect (positive or negative) and trait affect (trait NA or trait PA). Neuroimaging results are consistent with behavioral findings. In combination, they indicate both additive and interactive influences of trait and state affect on top-down control of attention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1128-1136
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 2014

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Prefrontal Cortex
Neuroimaging
Parietal Lobe
Gyrus Cinguli
Nucleus Accumbens
Arousal
Amygdala
Individuality
Emotions
Color
Brain

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Cognitive control
  • Interference
  • State affect
  • Trait affect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Hur, J., Miller, G. A., McDavitt, J. R. B., Spielberg, J. M., Crocker, L. D., Infantolino, Z. P., ... Heller, W. (2014). Interactive effects of trait and state affect on top-down control of attention. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10(8), 1128-1136. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsu163

Interactive effects of trait and state affect on top-down control of attention. / Hur, Juyoen; Miller, Gregory A.; McDavitt, Jenika R.B.; Spielberg, Jeffrey M.; Crocker, Laura D.; Infantolino, Zachary P.; Towers, David N.; Warren, Stacie L.; Heller, Wendy.

In: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, Vol. 10, No. 8, 03.10.2014, p. 1128-1136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hur, J, Miller, GA, McDavitt, JRB, Spielberg, JM, Crocker, LD, Infantolino, ZP, Towers, DN, Warren, SL & Heller, W 2014, 'Interactive effects of trait and state affect on top-down control of attention', Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 1128-1136. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsu163
Hur J, Miller GA, McDavitt JRB, Spielberg JM, Crocker LD, Infantolino ZP et al. Interactive effects of trait and state affect on top-down control of attention. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 2014 Oct 3;10(8):1128-1136. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsu163
Hur, Juyoen ; Miller, Gregory A. ; McDavitt, Jenika R.B. ; Spielberg, Jeffrey M. ; Crocker, Laura D. ; Infantolino, Zachary P. ; Towers, David N. ; Warren, Stacie L. ; Heller, Wendy. / Interactive effects of trait and state affect on top-down control of attention. In: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 2014 ; Vol. 10, No. 8. pp. 1128-1136.
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